viernes, septiembre 12, 2008
Lo equilombado que es la historia de Asia interior, con sus tribus nómadas en permanente desplazamiento. Entre lo más asequible está dos datos ocurrentes sobre la historia moderna de Mongolia:
When the Uzbeks and other Central Asians declared independence in 1991, it was not only a liberation from Russian rule but also from a tyrannical ideology. The significance of the latter dimension is illustrated by the case of Mongolia.This Soviet satellite did not need to declare independence, for it had enjoyed the privilege of being independent since its creation in 1921, if only because it was Moscow’s faithful ally not by force but by choice. It did need, however, the latter liberation, and it too attained it thanks to the bloodless revolution unwittingly unleashed by Mikhail Gorbachev.
On the political level, the process, probably designed to ensure unflinching loyalty to the person or persons forming the Party’s power center, displayed some of the aspects of the Soviet model, including show trials staged in the late 1930s by Choibalsan (1895–1952, often referred to as “the Mongol Stalin,” while Sükhbaatar (1893–1923) has been called “the Mongol Lenin”) against selected “enemies of the people” (in fact, Choibalsan’s potential rivals) in imitation of the trials staged by Stalin in Moscow.
Svat Soucek, A History of inner Asia